August 23 (Thur), 16:0017:00
Nonpositively curved cube complexes with hyperbolic fundamental group
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Federico Vigolo (Oxford University)
Language: English
Abstract
Thanks to Gromov's link condition, it is easy to construct many CAT(0) cube complexes. On the contrary, constructing hyperbolic cube complexes is often a delicate matter. In this talk I will briefly explain the standard technique that is used to show that some Right Angled Coxeter Groups are hyperbolic and I will then introduce a new technique which applies to a larger class of cube complexes (cube complexes with coupled links).
August 14 (Tues), 16:0017:00
Kazhdan type theorem for manifolds and complexes
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Chenxi Wu (Rutger University)
Language: English
Abstract
This is a collaboration with Harry Baik and Farbod Shokrieh. We generalized a classical theorem by Kazhdan on the convergence of canonical metric under a sequence of regular covers to the case of metrizable complexes as well as Riemannian manifolds.
July 12 (Thur), 16:0017:00
Nonamenable groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms
Location: E61 #3434
Speaker: Yash Lodha (EPFL)
Language: English
Abstract
Groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms provide elegant examples of
groups that are non amenable, yet do not contain non abelian free
subgroups. In this talk I will present a survey of these groups and
discuss their striking properties. I will discuss properties such as
(non)amenability, finiteness properties, normal subgroup structure, actions by various degrees of regularity and Tarski numbers.
July 5 (Thur), 16:0017:00
Rational cobordisms and integral homology
Location: E61 #3434
Speaker: Junghwan Park (MPIM)
Language: TBA
Abstract
We show that for any connected sum of lens spaces L there exists a connected sum of lens spaces X such that X is rational homology cobordant to L and if Y is rational homology cobordant to X, then there is an injection from H_1(L; Z) to H_1(Y; Z). Moreover, as a connected sum of lens spaces, X is uniquely determined up to orientation preserving diffeomorphism. As an application, we show that the natural map from the Z/pZ homology cobordism group to the rational homology cobordism group has large cokernel, for each prime p. This is joint work with Paolo Aceto and Daniele Celoria.
June 5 (Tues), 16:3017:30
Threeholed sphere groups in PGL(3,R)
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Jaejeong Lee (KIAS)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Fock and Goncharov (2006) introduced the notion of positive framed
PGL(n,R) representations. In this talk we exhibit framed PGL(3,R)
representations of the 3holed sphere group that are "negative" in a
certain sense. If we require the boundary holonomies be all
quasiunipotent, then the boundaryembedded and transversal
representations in the corresponding relative character variety form
an open subset. These examples may be called "relatively Anosov" and
properly include the Pappus representations studied by R. Schwartz
(1993). If we further restrict to a certain real 1dimensional
subvariety consisting of representations with 2fold symmetry, then we
obtain a PGL(3,R) analogue of the GoldmanParker conjecture (solved by
R. Schwartz in 2001) on the ideal triangle reflection groups in
PU(2,1). Joint work in progress with Sungwoon Kim.
June 5 (Tues), 10:3011:30
Equivariant Ktheory of toric orbifolds
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Soumen Sarkar (Indian
Institute of Technology Madras)
Language: English
Abstract
Toric orbifolds are topological generalization of projective
toric varieties. We introduce some sufficient conditions on
the combinatorial data associated to a toric orbifold to ensure
an invariant CWstructure of the toric orbifold. In this talk
I will discuss 3 different equivariant cohomology theories of
toric orbifolds. This is a joint work with V. Uma.
May 16 (Wed), 16:3017:30
Rigidity of group actions and geometric group theory
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Chung Nhân Phú (Sungkyunkwan University)
Language: English
Abstract
In this talk, we present certain rigidity results for group actions via geometric group theory. We will prove a topological version of Popa's measurable cocycle superrigidity theorem for full shifts. In the first part, we provide a new characterization of one end groups via continuous cocycle superrigidity of their full shifts. As a consequence, we have an application in continuous orbit equivalence rigidity. In the second part, we show that every Holder continuous cocycle for the full shifts of every finitely generated group G that has one end, undistorted elements and subexponential divergence function is rigidity. This is joint work with Yongle Jiang.
May 15 (Tue), 11:1012:10
Convex real projective Dehn fillings
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Gyeseon Lee (University of Heidelberg)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Thurston's hyperbolic Dehn filling theorem states that if the interior of a compact 3manifold M with toral boundary admits a complete finite volume hyperbolic structure, then all but finitely many Dehn fillings on each boundary component of M yield 3manifolds which admit hyperbolic structures. In this talk, I will explain that although Dehn filling is not possible in ddimensional hyperbolic geometry for d > 3, it is possible in the category of convex real projective dorbifolds for d = 4, 5, 6. Joint work with Suhyoung Choi and Ludovic Marquis.
May 15 (Tue), 10:0011:00
Asymptotic results on affine spheres
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Nie Xin (KIAS)
Language: English
Abstract
Every properly convex domain in RP^2 carries a pair consisting of a complete Riemannian metric and a holomorphic cubic differential satisfying certain PDE, given by the hyperbolic affine sphere in R^3 projecting to that domain. An intriguing object of study is the interaction between the flat geometry of the cubic differential and the projective geometry of the convex domain. We will explain a local version of a theorem of Dumas and Wolf, showing that if an open subset U of the convex domain is conformal to certain sector region in C with the cubic differential dz^3, then U gives rise to a line segment on the boundary of the convex domain.
April 24 (Tue), 10:3011:30
Tangent cones to quasimetric subRiemannian spaces and applications
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Svetlana Selivanova (KAIST)
Language: English
Abstract
A subRiemannian space is a manifold with a selected distribution (of
"allowed movement directions" represented by the spanning vector fields)
of the tangent bundle, which spans by nested commutators, up to some
finite order, the whole tangent bundle. Such geometries naturaly arise in
nonolonomic mechanics, robotics, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics,
neurobiology etc. and are closely related to optimal control problems on
the corresponding configuration space.
As is well known, there exists an intrinsic CarnotCaratheodory metric
generated by the «allowed» vector fiels. Studying the Gromov's tangent
cone to the corresponding metric space is widely used to construct
efficient motion planning algorithms for related optimal control systems.
We generalize this construction to weighted vector fields, which provides
applications to optimal control theory of systems nonlinear on control
parameters. Such construction requires, in particular, an extension of
Gromov's theory to quasimetric spaces, since the intrinsic CC metric
doesn't exist in this case.
Mar 27 (Tue), 10:3011:30
Diffeomorphism groups of critical regularity
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: 김상현 (SNU)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We prove that for each compact connected onemanifold M and for each real number a >=1, there exists a finitely generated group G inside Diff^a(M) such that G admits no injective homomorphisms into the group \cup_{b>a} Diff^b(M). This is a joint work with Thomas Koberda.
Mar 6 (Tue), 10:3011:30
Asymptotic translation length on curve complexes
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: 백형렬 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We study the asymptotic translation length on curve complexes of the pseudoAnosov surface homeomorphisms. We first show that the minimal asymptotic translation length of Torelli groups and pure braid groups are asymptotically 1/\chi(S) where \chi(S) is the Euler characteristic of the surface. If the time permits, we also discuss the asymptotic translation length of pseudoAnosov monodromies of primitive elements in Thurston’s fibered cone. This talk represents joint work with Hyunshik Shin and Chenxi Wu.
Feb 27 (Tue), 10:3011:30
Uniformization theorem and Liouville action for punctured spheres
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: 박진성 (KIAS)
Language: Korean
Abstract
In this talk, I will explain an approach of Poincare to prove the uniformization theorem for punctured spheres, and how it is related to the action functional in the Liouville theory.
Dec 1 (Fri), 11:0012:00
The ZilberPink Conjecture and the generalised Cosmetic Surgery Conjecture
Location: E61 #3433
Speaker: 전보광 (POSTECH)
Language: TBA
Abstract
In this talk, I will explain how one can generalise the cosmetic surgery conjecture under the assumption of another wellknown conjecture in number theory, so called the ZilberPink conjecture.
Oct 30 (Tue), 15:0016:00
Quasiisometric invariant of CAT(0) cube complexes
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: 오상록 (KAIST)
Language: 한국어
Abstract
Bestvina, Kleiner and Sageev showed that every 2quasiflat in a 2dimensional CAT(0) cube complex is at finite Hausdorff distance from a finite union of 2dimensional quarterplane and Huang generalized it to $n$. Using this invariant, several quasiisometric classification problems in rightangled Artin groups and graph braid groups are solved. In this talk, We discuss how this invariant works when we classify planar graph 2braid groups up to quasiisometries.
Oct 24 (Tue), 15:0016:00
The set of critical exponents of discrete groups acting on a regular tree
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: 권상훈 (KIAS)
Language: 한국어
Abstract
We discuss the set of critical exponents of discrete groups acting on a regular tree. If the quotient graph is finite, then the critical exponent is an algebraic number. In general, given an arbitrary real number between 0 and the volume entropy of the regular tree, we discuss how we can construct a discrete group whose critical exponent realizes the number. We also study the minimal polynomials of Schottky free discrete groups of rank 2.
September 19 and 26 (Tue), 15:0016:00
Geometric inequalities and quasilocal mass for axially symmetric initial data in general relativity (1), (2)
Location: E61 #4415 on Sep. 19, and #1409 on Sep. 26
Speaker: 차예슬 Ye Sle Cha (Free University of Berlin)
Language: English
Abstract
In these two talks, I will introduce geometric problems related to mass in general relativity, such as a series of geometric inequalities, and conjectures regarding a notion of quasilocal mass proposed by Bartnik. The geometric inequalities we consider include the angular momentummass inequality for axially symmetric initial data for the Einstein equations. Note that the special cases treating maximal data have been proved by Dain et al. Here I will explain how to reduce the general (nonmaximal) case to the known maximal case, and then discuss the solvability of the system of Elliptic PDEs arose in the process, for near maximal case. The second part of the talk will mainly provide an introduction to the static/stationary metric extension conjectures, related to Bartnik quasilocal mass. I will briefly discuss some known results for the static metric extension conjecture by Anderson, Anderson/Khuri, Miao et al., and show a local existence theorem for the solutions of axially symmetric, stationary vacuum Einstein equations.
August 23 (Wed), 15:0016:00
Dynamics of generalized betatransformations
Location: E61 #4415
Speaker: Chenxi Wu (Rutgers University)
Language: English
Abstract
We study the dynamical properties of the topological generalized beta transformations, which generalizes the concept of generalized beta transformations defined by Gora. In particular, we generalize the result on admissible sequence for unimodular maps to the case of generalized beta maps, and also study the properties of the topological entropy and its Galois conjugates, generalizing some results by Tiozzo. This talk represents an ongoing collaboration with Diana Davis, Kathryn Lindsey and Harry Bray.
August 9 (Wed), 16:0017:00
Canonical metric on finite graphs
Location: E61 #1409
Speaker: Chenxi Wu (Rutgers University)
Language: English
Abstract
We prove a Kazhdan type theorem for the canonical metrics of finite graphs. Namely, we show that the canonical metric of finite normal coverings of the graph converges when the covering converges, and the limit depends only on the limit of the coverings. We also generalize the argument to higher dimensional simplicial complexes. The proof is mostly based on an analogous argument in the case of Riemann surfaces and Lück's approximation theorem for L^2 cohomology. This is joint work with Farbod Shokrieh.
July 19 (Wed), 15:0016:00
The free product structure of diffeomorphism groups
Location: E61 #1409
Speaker: Thomas Koberda (University of Virginia)
Language: English
Abstract
I will discuss some aspects of the algebraic structure of finitely generated groups of diffeomorphisms of compact onemanifolds. In particular, we show that if G is not virtually metabelian then (G x Z)*Z cannot act faithfully by C^2 diffeomorphisms on a compact onemanifold. Among the consequences of this result is a completion of the classification of rightangled Artin groups which admit faithful C^{\infty} actions on the circle, a program initiated together with H. Baik and S. Kim. This represents joint work with S. Kim.
June 26 (Mon), 16:0017:00
Towers of regular selfcovers and linear endomorphisms of tori
Location: E61 #1409
Speaker: Wouter van Limbeek (University of Michigan)
Language: English
Abstract
Let M be a closed manifold that admits a nontrivial cover diffeomorphic to itself. Which manifolds have such a selfsimilar structure? Examples are provided by tori, in which case the covering is homotopic to a linear endomorphism. Under the assumption that all iterates of the covering of M are regular, we show that any selfcover is induced by a linear endomorphism of a torus on a quotient of the fundamental group. Under further hypotheses we show that a finite cover of M is a principal torus bundle. We use this to give an application to holomorphic selfcovers of Kaehler manifolds.
June 26 (Mon), 16:00
Towers of regular selfcovers and linear endomorphisms of tori
Location: E61 #1409
Speaker: Wouter van Limbeek (University of Michigan)
Language: English
Abstract
Let M be a closed manifold that admits a nontrivial cover diffeomorphic to itself. Which manifolds have such a selfsimilar structure? Examples are provided by tori, in which case the covering is homotopic to a linear endomorphism. Under the assumption that all iterates of the covering of M are regular, we show that any selfcover is induced by a linear endomorphism of a torus on a quotient of the fundamental group. Under further hypotheses we show that a finite cover of M is a principal torus bundle. We use this to give an application to holomorphic selfcovers of Kaehler manifolds.
June 7 (Wed), 15:00
Is a typical biPerron algebraic unit a pseudoAnosov dilatation?
Speaker: 백형렬 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We give a statistical answer to a variaion of this problem.
May 31 (Wed), 15:00
Translation length on extension graphs
Speaker: 신현식 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We report a recent result on the translation length on extension graphs of RAAGs.
May 24 (Wed), 15:00
Geometric convergence of Kleinian groups
Speaker: 백형렬 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We introduce the geometric topology on the space of Kleinian groups, and discuss how to understand it with a simple example.
May 17 (Wed), 15:00
Bipolar filtration of topologically slice knots
Speaker: 김민훈 (KIAS)
Language: Korean
Abstract
We show that the bipolar filtration of the smooth concordance group of topologically slice knots introduced by Cochran, Harvey and Horn has nontrivial graded quotients at every stage. To detect a nontrivial element in the quotient, the proof uses CheegerGromov $L^2$ $\rho$invariants and infinitely many Heegaard Floer correction term invariants simultaneously. This is joint work with Jae Choon Cha.
April 26 (Wed), 15:00
Random walks in weakly hyperbolic groups V
Speaker: TBA
Language: Korean
Abstract
Survey of the paper by Joseph Maher and Giulio Tiozzo V
April 12 (Wed), 15:00
Random walks in weakly hyperbolic groups IV
Speaker: 정홍택 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Survey of the paper by Joseph Maher and Giulio Tiozzo IV
April 5 (Wed), 15:00
Random walks in weakly hyperbolic groups III
Speaker: 정홍택 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Survey of the paper by Joseph Maher and Giulio Tiozzo III
March 29 (Wed), 15:00
Random walks in weakly hyperbolic groups II
Speaker: 정성구 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Survey of the paper by Joseph Maher and Giulio Tiozzo II
March 22 (Wed), 15:00
Collar lemma for Hitchin representations
Speaker: 이계선 (University of Heidelberg)
Language: English
Abstract
There is a classical result first due to Keen known as the collar lemma for hyperbolic surfaces. A consequence of the collar lemma is that if two closed curves A and B on a closed orientable hyperbolizable surface have nonzero geometric intersection number, then there is an explicit lower bound for the length of A in terms of the length of B, which holds for any hyperbolic structure on the surface. By slightly weakening this lower bound, we generalize this statement to hold for all Hitchin representations. This is a joint work with Tengren Zhang.
March 15 (Wed), 15:00
Random walks in weakly hyperbolic groups I
Speaker: 오상록 (KAIST)
Language: Korean
Abstract
Survey of the paper by Joseph Maher and Giulio Tiozzo I
